What is Aluminum PCB? It’s Structure, Specifications and Applications

“In this post, you will learn about Aluminum PCB in detail: their use, structure, specifications, and applications.”

PCBWay is one of the professional PCB manufacturers for prototyping. Having more than a decade of experience, they commit to meet the needs of their customers from different industries. In terms of quality, delivery, and cost-effectiveness. They have an ocean full of capabilities. That fits all your PCB needs.

One such capability that we are going to discuss in this article is “Aluminum PCB.” If you want to know more about Aluminum PCB, keep yourself glued to this article till the very end.

WHAT IS AN ALUMINUM PCB?

A PCB generally consists of three layers. A conductive copper layer at the top, a dielectric layer in between, and a layer of a substrate at the bottom. Standard PCBs have a substrate layer made of fiberglass, ceramic, polymers, or any other non-metal core. An ample amount of PCBs uses FR-4 as the substrate.

"FR4

Aluminum PCBs use an Aluminum substrate. Instead of standard FR-4 as the substrate material.

STRUCTURE OF ALUMINUM PCB

"Different

Circuit Copper Layer

This layer transmits signals over the entire PCB board. The movement of charged particles generates heat. This heat is transferred to the Aluminum substrate. Which dissipates it efficiently.

Insulating Layer

This layer is also known as the dielectric layer. It is made of materials that are poor conductors of electricity. It absorbs the heat generated in the above layer. And transfer it to the Aluminum substrate below it.

Substrate

The substrate acts as a foundation for the PCB. It firmly holds the components above it. By changing the characteristics of the substrate, the performance of PCB varies. For example, a rigid substrate provides strength and durability to the PCB board. While a flexible substrate opens up more design options.

The aluminum substrate is used in power electronics-based applications where high thermal dissipation is required. Due to its good thermal conductivity, it keeps heat away from vital electronic components. Thus ensuring minimal circuit damage.

ALUMINUM PCBs MANUFACTURED AT PCBWay

PCBWay is one of the finest manufacturers of Aluminum PCBs. To increase the overall performance of the product, they provide a thermal clad layer to the Aluminum PCB. It dissipates heat in a highly efficient manner. For high power and tight tolerance based applications Aluminum Backed PCB is the perfect choice among project makers.

"Fabrication

Considering parameters like the coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, strength, hardness, weight, and cost. Aluminum plate is an ideal choice for your project. You can modify your PCB substrate. PCBWay offers different Aluminum plates like 6061, 5052, 1060, and many more.

A fabricated Aluminum PCB from PCBWay

 

ADVANTAGES OF ALUMINUM PCB

  1. The heat dissipation capacity of Aluminum PCBs is far better than standard PCBs.
  2. Aluminum PCBs provide more strength and durability. As compared to ceramic and fiberglass-based PCBs.
  3. It seems ironic, but aluminum-based PCBs are lighter. As compared to standard PCBs.
  4. Thermal expansion and contraction of PCB components get reduce by using Aluminum PCB.
  5. PCBs made of Aluminum are environmentally friendly. It is non-toxic and recyclable. It does not create any harmful impacts on our planet.
  6. The assembling process of Aluminum PCB is easy than that of standard PCB.

APPLICATIONS

  1. They are used in Power supply devices like switching regulators, DC/AC converter, SW regulator.
  2. In power modules, they are used in inverters, solid-state relays, and rectifier bridges.
  3. In automobiles, they are used in an electronic regulator, ignition, power supply controller, etc.
  4. They are the perfect choice for amplifiers. Balanced amplifier, audio amplifier, power amplifier, operational amplifier, high-frequency amplifier.
  5. They are used in the transmitting and filtering circuit.
  6. They are used to make the CPU board. And power supply of computers.
  7. Electric motors require a high current for their operation. In industries, motor driver circuits use Aluminum PCB.
  8. These are a popular choice for LED applications due to their energy-saving capability.

"Square

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

The technical details of Aluminum PCB from PCBWay are discussed in the table below.

FEATURE CAPABILITY
Material Aluminum core (Domestic 1060), Copper core, FR4 covering
Thermal conductivity 1.0W/(m*k),2.0W/(m*k)
Min. Track/Spacing 4mil
Min. Hole Size 0.8mm
Base Material Aluminum, FR4, Flex, Flex-rigid, HDI, Rogers, etc.
Board Thickness 0.4-3.2mm
Surface Finishing Immersion gold, OSP, Hard Gold, Immersion Silver, Enepig
Finish Cooper 1-4oz
Solder Mask Green, Red, Yellow, Blue, White, Black, Purple, Matte Black, Matte green
Silkscreen White, Black
Via Process Tenting Vias, Plugged Vias, Vias not covered
Testing Fly Probe Testing (Free) and A.O.I. testing
Build time 2-3 days
Lead time 2-3 days

 


Do you want to build a project but worried about the correct PCB for your project? PCBWay provides high-quality PCBs for your projects at a very affordable price. To know more about the process of ordering a PCB from PCBWay, check out High quality and low-cost PCBs at your doorstep through PCBWay!

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