433 MHz RF Transmitter and Receiver Module Pinout, Features & Working

Last updated on November 24th, 2023 at 11:17 am

The 433 MHz RF transmitter and receiver module is a pair of small RF (i.e. radio-frequency) electronic modules used to send and receive radio signals between any two devices. The transmitter module sends the data from the transmitter end and the Receiver module receives that data at the receiver’s end.

 433 MHz RF transmitter and receiver Module
433 MHz RF transmitter and receiver Module

433MHz RF Transmitter and Receiver Module Pinout

Transmitter

433 MHz transmitter module pinout
433 MHz transmitter module pinout
PIN NamePin Description
VCCUsed to power the RF receiver module.
GNDGround pin of the module. Connect it with the controllers and encoder/decoder GND pin.
DATAThis is the data pin of the transmitter. It takes the data from the microcontroller or encoder and broadcasts it via the antenna.
ANTThe antenna pin is not necessary to use but it is recommended. The module can only operate max 3 meters but its range can be extendable up to 100 meters by using a small hookup wire as an Antenna
Pin description of 433 MHz transmitter module

Receiver

433 MHz Receiver Module Pinout
433 MHz Receiver Module Pinout
PIN NamePin Description
VCCUsed to power up the RF receiver module. Unlike the transmitter, the supply voltage of the receiver is 5v.
GNDGround pin of the module. Connect it with the controllers and encoder/decoder GND pin.
DATAThese pins output the digital data received. The two center pins are internally connected, so we can use either one of them for data output.
ANTThe antenna pin is not necessary to use but it is recommended. The module can only operate max 3 meters but its range can be extendable up to 100 meters by using a small hookup wire as an Antenna
Pin description of 433 MHz receiver module

433MHz RF transmitter module features

  • The Transmitter offers only one-way communication through 433.92MHz frequency at a 1Kb data rate
  • It operates at a range of 3-12V which is also the power operating volts of most of the microcontrollers and boards.
  • The module uses the ASK (Amplitude Shift Key) modulation method to transmit the data.
  • It is one of the very low-cost power effective modules for commercial, hobbyists, and developers.
  • 433MHz Transmitter is one of the cheapest RF transmitters and it has a lot of applications and can be used to interface with almost every microcontroller.

433MHz RF receiver module features

  • The RF receiver delivers the output to the data pin in an encoded form.
  • The operational voltage range of the module is 5V maximum.
  • The receiver’s frequency can be changed using a node present on it.
  • It is one of the most popular and cheapest receivers and has low power consumption.
  • 433MHz RF receiver module uses the ASK signal as an input.

Working of 433 MHz RF module

Transmitter Working

Working of 433 MHz Transmitter & Receiver Module
Working of 433 MHz Transmitter & Receiver Module
  • This radio frequency (RF) transmitter module uses Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK) and operates at 434MHz. The transmitter module takes serial input through a microcontroller and transmits these signals through RF. The transmitted signals are then received by the receiver module placed at the other end of the source of transmission.
433 MHz Transmitter Module Working
433 MHz Transmitter Module Working
  • So when the DATA input pin of Arduino is set to logic HIGH, the oscillator starts generating a constant RF output carrier wave at 434 MHz, and when the logic LOW is applied to the DATA, the oscillator stops producing the RF wave. This technique is known as Amplitude Shift Keying.

Receiver Working

433 MHz Receiver Module Working
433 MHz Receiver Module Working
  • The receiver module receives the data in the form of a signal and sends it to the data pin. The data received by the module is always in an encoded form which can be decoded by either using the microcontroller or the decoder.
  • The 433 MHz RF receiver module helps to receive the 433MHz frequency mainly. But it has a node also that can be changed by users for different frequencies. The variable node can be used to adjust the frequency from 315MHz to 433MHz. The receiver just receives the data but to decode and view this data, a microcontroller or decoder is required.
  • The RF receiver module comprises an RF-tuned circuit and a couple of operational amplifiers to amplify the carrier wave received from the transmitter. The amplified signal is then further fed to a PLL (Phase Lock Loop). Later it is received by the decoder, which decodes the output stream and gives better noise immunity.

Arduino – 433 MHz RF Module connections

Both modules are connected to Arduino as follows:

433 MHz RF module with Arduino
433 MHz RF module with Arduino
  • VCC – We need to provide positive DC voltage ranges from 3 to 12 volts. So we can connect 5 volts from our Arduino to this pin.
  • GND – Connect it to the ground pin of the Arduino.
  • DATA IN – Connect it to one of the data pins of Arduino (ex-pin 12)

We can also solder a piece of solid hookup wire to the antenna terminal of the modules. This increases the range of communication from 3m to 100m.

**Full Arduino – 433 MHz RF Module tutorial: Click here

Applications of 433 MHz RF Module:

  • Remote Controls
  • Automation System
  • Wireless Security System
  • Sensor Reporting
  • Car Security System
  • Remote Keyless Entry

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Ankit Negi

I am an electrical engineer by profession who loves to tinker with electronic devices and gadgets and have been doing so for over six years now. During this period, I have made many projects and helped thousands of students through my blog and YouTube videos. I am active on Linkedin and Facebook.

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