RJ11 and RJ45 are popular connectors used in voice and data telecommunications equipment. RJ45 is mostly used for data communication purposes in ethernet cable whereas RJ11 is mainly used in conventional telephonic applications.
Although this is the most highlighted difference, there are several other important differences between RJ45 and RJ11. Some of them are listed below:
|Number of wires||8 (4 pairs)||4 (2 pair)|
|Application||To connect data lines||To connect telephone lines|
|Supported Bandwidth||10 Gbps||24 Mbps|
|Compatible cables||Cat5 and Cat6||Telephone cables|
|Fiber compatibility||Compatible||Not compatible|
|Interchangeable connector plug-in||Cannot plug RJ45 into RJ11||Can plug RJ11 into RJ45|
Note: The IT and communication aspects of RJ standardization have a slight difference. In IT, the standardization is addressed only with respect to the number of positions(slot for wire). They do not take care of the number of wires. But in communication, both the number of positions and the number of wires have to be satisfied as per the standard.
For example, any connector with 8 positions is called RJ45 in IT. Whereas in communication, only the connector with 8 positions as well as 8 wires is considered an RJ45 connector.
Here, we are discussing the connectors on the basis of communication only.
What is RJ45?
Since RJ45 was introduced after RJ11, it has lots of enhanced features than RJ11.
RJ45 falls under the category of 8P8C connector standard. This implies that RJ45 has 8 positions for connections that can accommodate 8 wires. The 8 wires are used as 4 pairs.
The key application of RJ45 comes in Ethernet and Data communications. The RJ45 is thus used to terminate Ethernet cables, mostly of Cat5 and Cat6 standards. Hence, the network switches and hubs are the most connected devices with RJ45 terminations.
These connectors are now improvised to connect with fiber cables too.
Where is RJ45 used?
The RJ45 is used for Ethernet applications. Data transfer is the major purpose in this scenario. Thus, it supports 10Gbps bandwidth.
RJ45 interfaces are seen in the data distribution and collection points like a hub. Nowadays, they are also used in telephone lines.
What is RJ11?
RJ11 is the predecessor of RJ45. It is a 6P4C connector. The RJ11 connector has 6 positions and at least 4 wires. Thus it is capable of making 2 connections at a time with the two available pairs. And at least one pair of wires will be connected to the communication line.
As it has less number of positions, it is smaller than RJ45 and easily insertable in the RJ45 jack.
Where is RJ11 used?
RJ11 is used for the connections in telephone lines, specifically for PSTN networks. So these are commonly used for voice applications. But recently, RJ11 has been used for connecting modems also.
Conclusion: RJ11 VS RJ45
RJ45 and RJ11 are the most widely used registered jacks. An RJ45 is used for Ethernet applications whereas RJ11 is specifically used in telephonic networks. The RJ11 connector can easily plug into the RJ45 jack. But it is not widely practiced due to power delivery issues.
Are RJ11 and RJ45 interchangeable?
We can easily insert RJ11 in the RJ45 jack or the ethernet port. The reverse is not possible since the RJ45 jack is bigger in size. But it is not advised to insert RJ11 in the RJ45 jack due to the power delivery issues.
The RJ45 jack receives more power compared to that of the RJ11. This may cause damage to the RJ11 connector.
Can I use RJ11 for Ethernet?
Yes. RJ11 is compatible with the RJ45 jack. So it can be used for Ethernet.
But this can reduce the performance. RJ11 is designed to receive 24Mbps only since they are intended for telephonic applications.
Since Ethernet deals with data transfer, the Ethernet channels support up to 10Gbps speed. This cannot be utilized with RJ11.
Thus RJ45 is the best option for Ethernet.
What is the difference between RJ11 and RJ45 cables?
RJ11 is used with copper wires and twisted pair cables. RJ45 supports copper wires, twisted pair cables, and even fiber cables. Cat5 and Cat6 are the most used cables with RJ45 connectors.
Is RJ45 the same as a phone jack?
No. The phone jack has RJ11 connector standard. It is slightly different from that of RJ45. Although RJ11 can be inserted in an RJ45 jack, the reverse is not supported. But the connections with modems are usually performed with RJ45.